The 4th EU-Africa Summit brought together more than 60 EU and African leaders, and a total of 90 delegations, to discuss the future of EU-Africa relations and reinforce links between the two continents. In the summit declaration, leaders highlighted the close nature of EU-Africa relations and the shared values of democracy, respect for human rights, the rule of law and good governance as well as the right to development.
Peace and security
Leaders recognised the importance of peace and security as essential prerequisites for development and prosperity. In particular, they confirmed their commitment to enhancing political dialogue on international criminal justice and universal jurisdiction. Leaders also gave their support to the African aspiration and commitment to ensuring peace and stability in Africa and agreed to support African capabilities in this area through any available means, with a particular focus on capacity-building. Both continents agreed to strengthen common effort to fight international terrorism and to combat the spread of small arms.
Leaders pledged to pursue policies to create jobs and stimulate long-term growth on both continents. In particular the two continents agreed to cooperate more closely in the field of maritime policy. The EU also underlined its commitment to continuing to support African countries in the preparation of climate-resilient and low-emission development strategies. Leaders on both sides highlighted the importance of ensuring prudent and transparent management of respective natural resources, and responsible mineral sourcing. The summit declaration also underlines the importance of encouraging greater investment and economic development within and between countries in both continents, alongside developing transport, access to drinking water and to sustainable and affordable energy.
The summit recognised the importance of upholding human rights in both continents and confirmed a joint commitment to continuing efforts towards reaching the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. On the question of education, leaders agreed to pursue policies to promote inclusive job creation with a focus on young people and women, and to promote student exchange programmes between the two continents and within Africa. The summit highlighted the need for a comprehensive approach to tackle the serious social and human impact of irregular migration. Leaders reiterated a shared commitment to fight human trafficking and to ensure the respect of human rights for all migrants. The summit also adopted a separate declaration on migration and mobility.
Joint Africa EU Strategy and roadmap
The summit also confirmed the commitment of both continents to the objectives set out in the 2007 Joint Africa-EU Strategy. However, leaders agreed that the implementation of the Joint Strategy should be further improved and that cooperation should be guided by a results-oriented approach. The summit therefore adopted a roadmap to frame EU-Africa relations for 2014-2017. The roadmap covers 5 key priorities and areas for joint action:
- Peace and security
- Democracy, good governance and human rights
- Human development
- Sustainable and inclusive development and growth and continental integration
- Global and emerging issues
For each of these objectives, the roadmap details actions at interregional, continental or global levels which are expected to have a real impact on the people of both continents.
Discussions at the summit focused on the theme "Investing in People, Prosperity and Peace", with a working session devoted to each of the 3 areas.
First working session: Peace and security
This first working session looked at issues related to peace and security. Leaders discussed instability in the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Mali, Sudan and Somalia, and the impact of these conflicts elsewhere. Other topics for discussion included development support, peacekeeping missions, stopping the proliferation of small arms, counter terrorism, border security and sexual violence against women.
Thematic video - Peace
Second working session: Prosperity
Topics under discussion during this session included trade, investment, employment, infrastructure, ensuring effective and reliable energy supplies in Africa, and the management of natural resources.
Thematic video - Prosperity
Third working session: People
People are at the heart of the EU-Africa partnership, so policy strategies must deliver benefits to citizens. Topics under discussion during this working session included education and training, poverty, climate change, health, migration and mobility.
Thematic video - People
The 4th EU-Africa Summit took place in Brussels on 2-3 April 2014. It brought together African and EU leaders, as well as the leaders of EU and African Union institutions. Previous summits took place in Cairo (2000), Lisbon (2007) and Tripoli (2010).
A number of important related events took place in the run-up to the 2014 EU-Africa summit.
Special High-level meeting on the Central African Republic, 2 April 2014, Brussels (Belgium)
In the margins of the EU-Africa summit, Herman Van Rompuy, UN SG Ban Ki-moon, the French President Francois Hollande, President Abdel Aziz of Mauritania and several African and European leaders attended a special high-level meeting on the Central African Republic.
Ministerial climate seminar, 1 April 2014, Brussels (Belgium)
On the occasion of the 2014 EU-Africa Summit, EU Climate Action Commissioner, Connie Hedegaard, the President of the African Ministerial Conference on Environment (AMCEN), Binilith Mahenge, and the African Union Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture, Rhoda Tumusiime, hosted a ministerial climate seminar in Brussels on 1 April 2014.
The 3rd Pan-African-European Parliamentary Summit, 31 March - 1 April 2014, Brussels (Belgium)
The two parliaments met to prepare the parliamentary input to the EU-Africa summit. The event brought together 23 members from each parliament to discuss the most pressing topics of EU-Africa relations, as well as ways to improve the implementation of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy in the near future.
3rd Africa-Europe Youth Summit, 31 March - 1 April 2014, Brussels (Belgium)
The event brought together around 70 youth representatives from both continents to develop a common youth vision and to identify specific youth initiatives to be followed up and possibly implemented in the coming years.
The 5th EU-Africa Business Forum, 31 March-1 April 2014, Brussels (Belgium)
The Forum brought together about 500 participants including private sector representatives, business people from across Europe and Africa and government officials from both continents. It offered the private sector a high level platform to engage in a constructive dialogue with political leaders from the EU and Africa.
EU-Africa economic and social stakeholders' network meeting, 4-5 March 2014, Brussels (Belgium)
This two-day meeting, organised by the European Economic and Social Committee together with African partners, brought together representatives of employers, workers and various interests (particularly farmers and consumers) from both continents. Participants discussed the most pressing issues on both sides of the Mediterranean, such as youth unemployment, food security and social protection.
Second high level meeting of the Africa-EU Energy Partnership, 12-13 February 2014, Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)
This two-day meeting of the Africa-EU Energy Partnership involved African and European ministers, AU and EU Commissioners, as well as policy-makers, representatives from regional institutions, international organisations, the banking and finance industry, the private sector, academia, civil society and media.
The meeting looked at the nature and successes of Africa-EU cooperation on energy and future energy challenges facing the two continents.
22nd African Union summit, 21-31 January 2014, Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)
This 22nd African Union summit brought together leaders from the African Union Member States. It was also used to launch 2014 as the Year of Agriculture and Food Security, and mark the 10th Anniversary of the adoption of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP).
2nd Africa-EU Civil Society Forum, 23-25 October 2013, Brussels (Belgium)
Representatives from 32 African and 36 European civil society organisations met to develop ideas to review the implementation of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy, ensure full participation of civil society in the EU-Africa Partnership, to evaluate past experiences and discuss the future of the partnership. Civil society representatives participating in the forum identified a number of policy proposals and recommendations which will be presented to the EU-Africa summit in April 2014.